Spearfishing: Everything You Need to Get Started

Spearfishing is a traditional method of fishing that’s used all throughout the world. Nowadays, it’s considered to be one of the preferred ways to acquire delicious and fresh fish since it does not require weapons or risky equipment that can create water pollution. It’s also a great way to have fun, can be quite a bit of enjoyment!

Before you start diving or hunting for a large snapper or bass, you’ll need to ensure that you have everything you need for the catch. It might be helpful to talk with other professionals for advice on the equipment for a specific location in the sense that the equipment you’ll require in the Caribbean may not work for the spearfishing areas of New Zealand or San Diego.

To give you some idea of what to expect from what you need, here are the essential tools and equipment you’ll require to enjoy a safe spearfishing experience.

Basic Spearfishing Gear

Flatlay of spearfishing fish on spearfishing gear

Anyone who is a professional spearfisher or “spearo” would know that having the proper equipment for fishing is crucial to ensure your safety and the success you desire. Below you’ll find the most basic equipment you could need to purchase in your first attempt at spearfishing. You will also find recommended brands that are well known and highly recommended among other spearos.

Fishing License

Spearfisher in emerald green seawater

Although technically not part of your fishing equipment it is possible to obtain a valid sporting license before you hit the water with your hunting equipment. In most states, you can get fined for fishing without a license, and you can even be sent to prison for hunting (and killing) protected species.

In general, you’ll need to inquire with your local authorities, lifeguards as well as fishermen’s supply and dive shops, and any other experienced spearos for information before doing anything.

Weapon of Choice

Lionfish Pole Spear

Then, you can move on to the primary equipment for spearfishing: Hawaiian slings, pole spears, or a rifle. Hawaiian pole spears and slings will require very closer to the fish, but their difference is that the sling’s belt will typically remain in your hands while the pole spear disappears from your hands entirely when you employ it to spear an animal. In the case of spearguns, they vary depending on the construction–some are manually launched using either a sling or band, while others use gas or air (pneumatic).

If you decide to opt for a speargun you’ll need to consider the visibility of the water and your size for the type of fish that you’ll be hunting prior to selecting the kind of gun to purchase. A low-visibility area will require you to get closer to the water to the water, making shorter spearguns more appropriate. In the event that you’re fishing for a larger fish, you won’t necessarily need thick shafts or an air-powered speargun. In the majority of cases, where you’ll only need a mid-size, multiple band speargun with a longer reach the possibility of getting away with rolling guns.

You’ll find spearguns in pretty all the stores selling spearfishing equipment. JBL makes good spearguns for beginners so take a look at JBL’s Woody Sawed-Off Magnum Spear Gun ($309.95) from this brand if you’re looking for a gun that is low maintenance, easy to operate, and is a real punch. If you’re looking for pole spears, you may choose to purchase the five-pronged Lionfish Pole Spear ($26.95) or the JBL 6 Breakdown Travel Pole Spear ($119.95).

Spearfishing Wetsuits and Rash Guards

One of the most essential pieces of equipment you’ll require prior to spearfishing – or diving in the first place is a wetsuit. There are several types and types of wetsuits that you can choose from, based on the temperatures of the water as well as the activity.

For spearfishing, you’ll want to be aware of the suit’s size, particularly when diving in warm regions. It’s generally recommended to go for one that’s no thicker than 1.5mm for spearfishing unless you’re planning to do deeper dives with colder water. If you’re going to not do deep dives or stay in the water for prolonged lengths of time, you can do fine wearing a rashguard.